Discussion Board 3.1


So, we’ve encountered three different overviews of what ideology is, but let’s organize our own thinking about it. In this discussion board, think about and comment on the following questions:

1. Keeping in mind the material covered in this lesson, describe how you understand ideology in your own words.
Hint: One way to approach this is as follows
a) Describe what ideology is in a brief paragraph (in your own words).
b) Give an example illustrating what you wrote in (a).
c) Write another paragraph (or two), explaining to your reader with additional details, how you understand ideology.

2. How do you understand the difference between conservative and liberal ideology in US politics? What seem to be the big differences, the dividing line? Given an example to backup your arguments.
Hint: try to identify key words (concepts) that play a big role in making someone consider themselves to be liberal or conservative. Then, explain in your own words what those keywords (concepts) mean.

3. How do you understand Althusser’s definition of ideology? Paraphrase it in your own words. Given an example. Hint: you may have to watch the second video again, and find the few places where Althusser’s position is presented.

Hint: Remember, the discussion boards are crucial for us this semester, because they reproduce our in-class conversations. Try to be thorough and write more, rather than less. I will do the same, and make sure by the time we end our discussion, we have covered the key ideas on the module.


To organize things better, I have broken up our conversation into two parts. After finishing here, head over to Discussion Board 3 – part 2 .


Before posting, watch this video, which will show you how to post your answer to this discussion board:

NOTE: Once you’ve scheduled your post to be published on at midnight on Sunday, you can still go back and edit your post until then, if you want to rewrite and/or add to your post.

As a review, follow the following steps to submit your response:

  1. Click on the “+” button in the black bar at the top of the screen
  2. Type a title for the post (it should include your full name)
  3. Type your response
  4. On the right side, click on Categories: and check “Discussion 3.1”
  5. Important: On the right side, at the top: click on the date next to Publish, and enter your post date, which is this coming Thursday, at 11:59pm.
  6. Click Publish and you’re done.

What will happen next is your post will automatically be published by the OpenLab system on Thursday at midnight. The goal here is for all student posts to be published at the same deadline. After that point, you can begin reading each others’ posts, and you have to comment on at least one other student’s post.

Note: please make sure that you schedule your post to be published on Thursday, midnight, not before.

3.1 discussion- Idiology

  1. Ideology is a way to describe a political and social matter. Ideology is like a social routine that helps figure out. persons way of thinking. It’s away for people to express their interest and what they support. Is more of way to split the political wealth and social struggles. In some ways it seems to control its people in a political way.
  2. My best way to know the difference between conservative and liberal ideology In US politics is by remembering how conservative ideology is more of single problem such as in politics where people would want to have a balance in money and less tax, a one way rule. As of Liberal is more of wanting taxes to be raised, or have free healthcare is more demanding.
  3. Althusser’s definition to me is that ideology is a way fro people to speak up about their interest and beliefs, also a way for society to have a better way to show their difference in politics no matter each others differences.

Sianna Velez – Discussion Board 3.1

1. I think ideology is ones beliefs, ideas, values, and opinions regarding social or political issues. I think people’s ideology affects how they live their lives and how they see themselves and others. I think people use their ideology to decide how they would prefer society to be like and to decide how they will conform to society. An example of an ideology is socialism. People who are socialists believe that everything in society should be collectively decided by citizens. 

 
2. The difference between conservative and liberal ideology is that liberal ideology is usually focused on human rights/equality while conservative ideology is usually about the economy and the military/guns or national defense. Conservatives are usually more traditional and want to keep the government how it was in the past and liberals want the government to change and be updated. An example of conservative ideology is that conservatives believe in lower taxes. An example of liberal ideology is that liberals believe that women should be allowed to have abortions. 

 
3. Althusser’s definition of ideology is that ideology is used to organize society. 

Orkida Marashi 3.1

Ideology

1-Keeping in mind the material covered in this lesson, describe how you understand ideology in YOUR OWN WORDS.

  • In my opinion, Ideology is a set of opinions or views based on your ideas which refers to a set of political beliefs. For instance, democrats believe that government knows what is best for the citizen and it is the government’s responsibility to care for all individuals.

2-How do you understand the difference between conservative and liberal ideology in US politics? What seems to be a big difference, the dividing line? Given an example to back up your arguments.

  • The difference between the liberal and conservative is that liberals think that people should be treated equally no matter what religion, sexual orientation, income might have and have all the right to be whatever they want. Conservative views are enclosed-minded compared to liberals. They think people should work hard to take care of themselves, and those who don’t work are lazy. Also, they believe in traditional family values, such as not kids outside the marriage and sexual orientation doesn’t exist and should not exist, etc.

3How do you understand Althusser’s definition of ideology? Paraphrase it in your own words. Given an example.

  • Althusser’s definition of ideology is explained that ideology with the term of Ideological State Apparatuses which consist of schools, family and political system. He also said that ideology is not false but real and we as humans shouldn’t see ideology as an illusion because it is the way we see reality basis on which we make decisions.

  1. Keeping in mind the material covered in this lesson, describe how you understand ideology in YOUR OWN WORDS.

My understanding of what ideology is that it is a representation of a person’s or people’s beliefs specially surrounding politics, economy, and policies. An ideology can be an opinion about how these systems should work and there are also different ideologies. There are three main ideologies, rightist, centrist, and leftist, according to the article. These categories however are very broad and have specific details that differentiate them from each other.


2. How do you understand the difference between conservative and liberal ideology in US politics? What seem to be the big differences, the dividing line? Given an example to back up your arguments.

Conservative ideologies according to the article consist of, “conservatives, corporate elites, and many other affluent persons who advocate free-market capitalism and defend big business as the mainstay of the good society. Free-market capitalism is essentially the unregulated laissez-faire variety in which private-profit investments have priority over almost all other social considerations.” o the other hand the liberals “see a need for improving public services and environmental protections; they support minimum-wage laws, unemployment insurance, and other wage supports, along with Social Security, nutritional aid for needy children, occupational safety, and the like.” The main difference in my opinion is that the liberals want government regulations while the conservatives want businesses to have all the power.


3. How do you understand Althusser’s definition of ideology? Paraphrase it in your own words. Given an example. Hint: you may have to watch the second video again and find the few places where Althusser’s position is presented.

I feel that Althusser’s definitely does not support the conservatives’ ideologies but I also feel that he does not fully accept the liberals. In. my opinion he favors the socialists.

Ideology

1. My understanding of ideology is that it is the collection of political views that someone holds, whether or not they actually benefit you. Sometimes this correlates with a political party (Republican, Democrat) but sometimes it correlates with a political identity (liberal, socialist, conservative). Sometimes peoples’ collection of beliefs do not fit neatly into any of these categories. An example of this could be someone who leans liberal on most but not all issues — they may be in favor of increasing spending on social programs, cutting the defense budget, and in favor of marriage equality, but strongly oppose abortion. 

This being said, ideology is the category of the collection of beliefs, rather than one individual’s specific beliefs. It is another way to identify and align with others within a divided community, and sometimes it is more about principles rather than specific beliefs.

2. In the US, conservative ideology seems to align with concepts like cutting government spending and size, supporting private business rather than public services, and preserving independent autonomy above the collective, except when it comes to the idea of national pride. Conservative ideology often goes back to the idea of every person for themselves, and that if you are a good person you will be successful. Most important for conservatives are liberty and economic success, which they see as only possible through reduction of government spending. Liberal ideology is almost the direct opposite; increasing funding to public and social services, supporting communities and individuals, and seeing people as part of groups and communities rather than individual Americans. 

I see this especially in my field of social work; we are taught to recognize that people are part of systems. There is no person who is beyond helping and individual failure doesn’t really exist, just lack of adequate and appropriate support at the intersection of vulnerabilities. Self-determination is possible and a great goal for many, but some conservatives I have talked to see things like welfare as negatively affecting the community rather than supporting vulnerable people to create autonomy. I, a liberal, see welfare as a vital (if currently flawed) service that the government should provide to lift up individuals and their communities.

3. Althusser sees ideology as a set of beliefs and framework for thinking about our role in society that we are taught to not question, not critically analyze, and which we must accept in order to be a member of society. This is true whether or not that framework actually benefits us. One example that comes to mind is the concept of the 9-5 job. Many of us would be happier and more productive with different working hours, but because corporations have an extant structure, we do not question it when employers expect us to work Monday-Friday from 9-5, because it can feel like there are no other options so how could we even imagine a world without the 40 hour work week.

DB 3.1

1. Keeping in mind the material covered in this lesson, describe how you understand ideology in YOUR OWN WORDS.

Hint: One way to approach this is as follows

a) Describe what ideology is in a brief paragraph (in your own words).

b) Give an example illustrating what you wrote in (a).

c) Write another paragraph (or two), explaining to your reader with additional details, how you understand ideology.

I think ideology is a belief that a group of people’s thoughts, ideas, and values that they express in their life, like racism and sexism, also Capitalism and communism. Ideology is also around us, for example, I like sweets and hate bitter, and you have the same opinion as me, so does some of the other people, then now we had formed “sweet-ism”. Religions are a kind of ideology that might be a better example. While a king of ideology exists, there are usually or more forms of ideologies that are against that idea, back to my example, there might have “bitter-ism”, “sour-ism” or “spicy-ism” happening and create conflict.

2. How do you understand the difference between conservative and liberal ideology in US politics? What seems to be a big difference, the dividing line? Given an example to back up your arguments.

Hint: try to identify keywords (concepts) that play a big role in making someone consider themselves to be liberal or conservative. Then, explain in your own words what those keywords (concepts) mean.

Liberal tend to increase government control of trade and commerce, but don’t support restrictions on freedom of speech, sexual issues, beliefs, and other personal freedoms, while Conservative tend to increase restrictions on personal behavior, but don’t support restrictions on trade, business, wealth and property appreciation. Their opinion on government control and personal freedom are mostly opposite, Liberal is more close to Democratic and Conservative for Republican.

3. How do you understand Althusser’s definition of ideology? Paraphrase it in your own words. Given an example. Hint: you may have to watch the second video again, and find the few places where Althusser’s position is presented.

Althusser’s definition of ideology is that it’s an important and useful tool that can be used in school, media campaigns, and politics. Which are the places and sources that we people usually get the information from, people can be “brain-washed” to have whatever the idea that the government wants us to have. For example, if the government united with the media and changed the teaching materials to tell people that we’re living inside a TV where outside they have Gods that are watching us, of course, at first people wouldn’t believe it, but as time passes through, they will start to take this as fact.

Discussion 3.1 -SaiLungCash Jeung

1. Ideology is divided into many types, including political, social, values, etc. In political ideology, it is divided into right, center, and left. They all have different political ideas, and in political ideology, most people understand these two factions, conservatives and liberals. Michael Parenti wrote “Conservative ideology preaches the virtues of private initiative and self-reliance: rich and poor pretty much get what they deserve; “The political ideologies of these two factions are different.
Different class ideologies are also different. The rich need to pay more taxes to the government to help the poor and the society, but the rich do not get any benefits from it, so they think the government should cut taxes. But for these Those who receive government funding do not object to the government charging high taxes on the rich, which means that different class ideologies are different.

2.The biggest difference between conservative and liberal ideologies in American politics is economic interests and class. Conservatives are rich people. They believe that the government should not interfere in the free market. They want to abolish most government regulations on business, as well as environmental and consumer protection, disability and retirement support, minimum wage laws, unemployment compensation, occupational safety and injury compensation laws. Most liberals are from the working class, and they think the government needs to provide them with more help. Many liberals believe that public services and environmental protection need to be improved; they support the minimum wage law, unemployment insurance and other wage support, as well as social security, nutritional assistance for poor children, and occupational safety. From the difference in ideology between the two, the biggest difference between them is economic interests and class.

3.The definition of Ideology for Althusser is a means of class struggle and a tool of class rule. In other words, they emphasized that ideology is mainly conceived by people for the needs of their own class interests. Moreover, ideology is the living condition of people’s self-imagination and reality. For example, in academics, students believe that grades are very important in their own perceptions, and grades will affect the status of the future in society, work, ranking in the class, and parents’ attitudes towards children, etc., because people who work hard have income. The bigger you are, the higher your class can be in society. These ideas reflect the real living conditions in society.

Discussion post 3.1- Jasmin Amigon

Ideology is an accumulation of different ideas and or beliefs that are shared among a group of people, culture, or individual. Usually, ideology refers to a collection of political beliefs or a set of ideas that describe a particular culture. It exists to establish certain political beliefs that, serve the interests of some people, or to make a working role in relation to social, economic, and political.

An example of ideology could be feminism and identity political views.

American conservatives believe that a large government poses a threat to individual liberty, they usually support and a strong national defense, traditional American values, and the free market are believed to provide great economic opportunity and benefit many people. On the other hand, Liberalist cherishes equality as the primary political view and they see the government as a necessary agent in promoting equality. Family and parents can influence one’s political outlook in positive or negative ways. Social groups can also play a role in where one stands politically. A big difference or dividing line is how Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve people’s problems. While Conservative policies generally emphasize the empowerment of the individual to solve problems. An example could be the welfare system. Liberals support welfare because it provides for the poor without welfare life below the poverty line would be intolerable. However, conservatives oppose long-term welfare because they believe there should be opportunities to make it possible for poor and low-income workers to become self-reliant. 

Althusser’s definition of ideology is how ideology can be a very useful tool that exists primarily in school, media, and politics. Since school is mandatory for all kids the ideology in schools plays a huge role in our society. School is a powerful ideological state apparatus because they are forced and it’s a way to get kids to think in a certain way, behave and comply with authority that will prepare them for the future. 

Ideology – Carmen Salas comments

1. Keeping in mind the material covered in this lesson, describe how you understand ideology in YOUR OWN WORDS. 

In my opinion ideology is a construction of believes that shape and influence the way a person reacts to and solves problems in their life. This type of solutions are mostly used for social, political and economical reasons. Also, it affects how a person follows and who they relation with in life. For example: I was raised a Catholic and I was told to live following the mandates of the Bible. As a matter of fact, this construction of believes shaped the way that I acted and who I related with. Then, if the Bible said that is wrong to lie; not only I would not lie, but also I would not allow those around me to do it. If they did so, I would set distance from them.  Basically, anyone could resume it to a pattern of reasons that create rules that people must follow or otherwise they will be punished by those who surround them and believe in it. 

That is what ideology is. Of course, you can’t compare the ideology that you have inherited from your parents with the one that you create for yourself once you become an adult. Moreover, I agree with the videos that were used as reference for this lecture. Your background and your life situations can shape your ideology. If you have never had the necessity to get help from the government to pay for essentials you’ll very likely be against social help. Conversely, if you have had to use economic help from the government you’ll very likely will be a supporter of social help. Similarly, I believe that your grade of education and the subjects that you study shape the way you see the world. I was a political science major back in Venezuela, and after I was introduced to the concepts of ideology I saw politics with a more critical eye; whereas someone who never gets to learn about this concepts can’t ever get to have a more objective view point on it.

2. How do you understand the difference between conservative and liberal ideology in US politics? What seem to be the big differences, the dividing line? Given an example to backup your arguments.

The dividing line in between conservatives and liberals in US politics has to be with the importance that they give to the concept of freedom and the one they give to the concept of equality. On the one hand, conservatives would be attributed with the value of freedom; that’s the most important thing for them. On the other hand, libertarians would be known for valuing equality over anything else. Under this context, you could evaluate the areas where political administrations from these ideologies have invested most of their resources and time. They have different priorities. For example: The administration of former president Donald Trump (conservative) invested time and resources in creating bigger tax cuts and publicizing a wall at the border of Mexico with the intention have more control over the boarders; and investment in homeland security. Conversely, the administration of current president Joe Biden has invested in the creation of a greener energy plan and social help programs that favor minorities. This is a clear prove of the priorities of the political parties in the United States, one is more inclined to maintain and defend their own freedom and privileges and the other one is more concern about creating equal opportunities for the pepole.

3. How do you understand Althusser’s definition of ideology? Paraphrase it in your own words. Given an example.

Ideology for Althusser means accepting beliefs. Those beliefs are created by reinforced and approved behaviors that make people good subjects and future cogs in a capitalist economy. 

In other words, for Althusser, ideology is just a result of what people has gotten to belief. Only and after the reinforcement of what they’ve been told to do in order to maintain the status quo (the current order of things) in the current capitalist economy.

Ignacio on Ideology

1. Ideology is a set of thoughts and behaviors we are taught to follow so a certain status quo in the society we live in prevails, nevertheless these characteristics are such a part of ourselves that we are not conscious of them, moreover, is also a way of social control, that powerful groups have over individuals. Catholicism is a good example of ideology, when born people is taught to believe in God, they get baptized and share behaviors from the people who follow this believes, since they have always known this environment, they think is how things are always going to work, that it is good and if they follow what the people who is the bridge between God and humanity they will be rewarded with an eternity of heaven.

2. I understand this as a difference between extreme liberties or more government regulated lives, both looking for what they think is the right path for a better society. What it seems to draw the line between Conservatives and Liberals comes when talking about Freedom, Economy and Religion. Conservatives feel identified with political groups who look for protection of individual liberties, tax reliefs, free market, less discretionary spending, bigger military and support political groups that are pro-life, on the other hand Liberals focus more on equality and how society could work better with more regulations from the government, while spending less money in the military and using the money for causes like poverty, education, science or environmental matters, also making this happen with higher taxation. Trump’s administration focused more in give big companies deals that benefited them enormously, not paying attention to the environmental impact this could have, and also cut funds from the healthcare and education system while the military and police were able to spend more, and with this actions give lower tax rates to the people, now, with the new Biden administration and with the current pandemic we cans see the continued help to the large amount of unemployed Americans who have been affected, and focusing in better tax policies that could end up in the educational system helping people with student loans debt or serve as a base for free tuitions.

3. I understand Althusser’s definition of ideology as a relationship between individuals and the way of how they exist and follow what they have been taught by others, so they can keep being subjects that functions as the base that maintains a certain status quo, subsequently reinforcing these believes into the next generation.