The impact of colonization on the Indians can be seen from the beginning, after victor learned that his father died, he had to go to Phoenix, but he was so poor that he didn’t even have the money to buy a plane ticket. This describes the living conditions of contemporary Native Americans. There was another scene when Victor and Thomas are in july forth. Thomas said that it was very strange for Indians to celebrate this festival because he felt that this festival had nothing to do with them. This shows that Indians are confused about their identity.