Ichiyo: Feminism, Marxist Theory

In the Meiji era, under the influence of traditional feudal thinking, marriages were mostly decided by parents, and children had no right to speak, and it was even more difficult for women to file for divorce. Although Oseki married into a wealthy family from an ordinary family, in a marriage without feelings, Oseki is more like a reproductive tool for passing on the family line. Disliked and scolded by her husband, although she doesn’t have to worry about the basic needs of life, it makes her feel that she has lost her dignity, and even has the idea of divorce.

However, Oseki’s ideas did not get her father’s support. Her father was conservative in his thinking, and feudal hierarchy thoughts were deeply rooted in him. Although he felt sorry for his daughter’s experience, he still asked Oseki to return to her husband. Under the double shackles of paternal rights and husband rights, Oseki is unable to fight against fate, and can only return to her husband again. Although she pursues freedom and yearns for equality, it is difficult for her to get rid of the heavy shackles on her body.

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