Because of colonization, the lives of Victor, Thomas and most of those who live on the reservation, have been predetermined in a way. Many Native Americans like Victor and his parents rely on alcohol to keep their minds off of the fact that they might never have a life outside of their reservation. Victor’s father would even hit him when he was intoxicated out of frustration because he feels as if he has no control over his own life. Thomas himself has told Victor that his father “Wants to buy a motorcycle and ride away. He wants to run and hide (Paragraph 15)”. As we continue to read the story, we see that this kind of behavior rubs off on Victor. One day when they were 15, he got drunk and beat Thomas up without a reason. However, in the movie “Smoke Signals”, we see that this incident occurs on the same day that his father abandoned them, which reflects back to the way his father treated him when he would get drunk. In the second paragraph of “This is What it Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona”, the narrator points out that most of the residents had no money but the “Cigarette and Fireworks salespeople”. This reveals what most of the locals would spend their money on to keep themselves distracted. These examples show us how colonization has created setbacks for not only Victor but those around him and like him as well. Not only has it made living difficult but in the movie, we see how Victor feels as if he has to be strong and serious all the time so others will take seriously. He tells Thomas that Indians aren’t supposed to be smiling all the time and he has to “get stoic”. Victor feels as if he can’t be vulnerable because he’s Native American and wants others like him to embody this idea as well.
In “What it means to say Phoenix, Arizona”, I think the colonization affected Victor’s friends and family economically and socially. I think they were affected economically because they were no jobs and no resources for them. Victor’s father moved to Phoenix probably to find a job so he could live better. Perhaps, because he was indian he was never hired and ended up living in a trailer. When Victor’s father died, Victor called the Tribal Council for help but all he could get was 100 dollars, this makes me think that they do not get funds from the Government. I think they were affected socially because they were isolated in the Spokade region of Washington.
Victor had a best friend called Thomas ( he was a storyteller) they did everything togueter. One day when they were 15 they stopped being friends because Victor got drunk and beat Thomas without reason.
I think the relationship beetween Victor and his father was normal but Victor didn’t know that his father would leave his family. He didn’t know that his father was tired of the life he had at the reservation.
I think that the relationship with his father was very affected because he was tired of living in a reservacion. I think his father felt like a prisoner there. I think Victor’s community did not receive the help they should have received from the goverment. They lived in bad condition. They could not even afford a plane ticket, that’s the reason his father felt that way and ran away from that place.
The effects of colonization are devastating because colonizers took over their land, languages, cultures and identities. I think people that live in those reservations are struggling every day to survive, they live in economic instability and under government control that don’t respect their rights.
During the time of the Thirteenth Night, women were not given rights and were seen as unequal to men. In addition to this, women were given limited educational opportunities. Ichiyo being a low status woman who supported her family on her own adds to her perspective in her writing. Ichiyo portrays the feelings and thoughts of many women during this time, who may not have had the voice to express them. During this time, women were expected to be the wife and mother. Women were the caregiver and the obedient wife. The thirteenth Night shows the perspective of a woman who was in a way rebelling against her social norms.
In the Thirteenth Night, social class has a high impact on Osekis relationships and the reasoning behind the decisions she makes. While Osekis husband is of higher socioeconomic class, Oseki and her family are of lower status. The difference in status between the two is the reasoning for how Oseki is treated in her relationship. Osekis husband belittles her due to her lack of education and does not see her as his equal. Despite her knowing this, Osekis run in with Roku makes her realize that this is how things have to be. Both Roku and Oseki come from the same class and although they shared romantic feelings for one another, their relationship would come to no benefit for her or her family. This encounter between the two contributes to the Marxist theory in which their socioeconomic class is the cause of their problems. Oseki can not leave her husband to be with Roku because Isami is of higher status and brings wealth and respect to her family.
I believe that when the narrative focuses on race, a writer’s race matters in which it may affect how the topic is analyzed. A person of one race may have their own perception or personal bias of another based on personal experiences and their own beliefs. When it comes to portraying one’s own race, the writer has a first hand perspective and can give their own unbiased opinion. While anyone can depict the struggles of another through their own point of view, the most accurate perspective comes from the person or group going through that struggle.
Kate Chopin being a white woman in the 1890s has a high impact on how she depicts other races in her writing. During this time, white people lived a very different life than poc, specifically black people. Due to these differences, one would expect Kate Chopin to sugarcoat or downplay the struggles and racism experienced by black people. However, Kate Chopin accurately depicts the simple truths about the experiences of black people and racism amongst her community during the 1890s. An authors race does not matter when they are stirring about race, so long as they are able to put their own personal beliefs and biases
Kate Chopin an author that an excellent job portraying truth in distinct literary illustrations. I absolutely love how Chopin illuminate’s the readers understanding, on how much being identified as white man was so important during the 1800’s era. An example of how Chopin does this can be seen in these two pieces of scripture. “What Desiree said was true. Marriage, and later the birth of his son had softened Armand Aubigny’s imperious and exacting nature greatly.” (Chopin) and later m. “‘Armand,’ she panted once more, clutching his arm, ‘look at our child. What does it mean? tell me… ‘It means,’ he answered lightly, ‘that the child is not white; it means that you are not white.’ ” (Chopin) As we analyze these to two interactions, we notice how Chopin demonstrates how the reality of being a father sits into Armand, and how it softens his heart to be much more sensible and emphatic. But we then later see how the reality of his ethic background starts to haunt Armand when he sees the African American feature in his child. This reality causes Armand to deny his wife and child. Holding the importance of being identified as white man more than being a father and husband. Chopin uses this to explain to how valuable it was to be a white man and how influenced a man’s pride.
I mention all this to relay how Chopin does such a remarkable job conveying truth, not matter the race of Chopin. Race holds no weight when it comes to expressing opinions and facts on Race. I do not believe in classifying a person simply by their skin color. It simply is not fair; your skin color will never represent your heart. Your actions do. I have met a vast amount of white skinned color people with great personalities and great heart and vice versa. I am a Hispanic dark skinned colored man and was raised around many other dark-skinned men. What I have come to understand that everyone has the right to express their opinion.
Chopin, K. (n.d.). Desiree’s Baby. Retrieved from Gothic Digital Series @ UFSC: https://repositorio.ufsc.br/bitstream/handle/123456789/132722/Desirees_Baby_%28Kate_Chopin_1893%29.docx.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
In certain cases, I feel that the author’s race does not matter when dealing with racial issues, but you must do it in a way that avoids fostering bias. I believe the trick is to solicit feedback from genuine members of the culture you wish to write about. Putting their opinions ahead of your own, and never second-guessing them. People are more likely to believe a person and listen to what they have to say when they can relate to them. Chopin’s criticism just served to draw the attention of those who resembled her, something black people in that era were likely to find problematic.