1. Martin Luther King makes a clear distinction between laws and morals: he argues that it is immoral to obey an unjust law, a law that is out of harmony with the moral law. An unjust law is the one that degrades human personality, whereas a just law is the law that uplifts the personality. King gives an example of an unjust law by using segregation laws that give both, the segregator and the segregated, false feelings of superiority and inferiority respectively. The segregated are diminished to the level of things, not people, which is not only economically and sociologically unsound, but also morally wrong.
  2. The difference between just and unjust laws is crucial – just laws make societies inclusive and beneficial to individuals, unjust laws distort reality and damage personality. Without the knowledge of morals and just laws that are based on morals, an individual would easily be swayed in wrong directions, since their lives are not guided by universal principles and are out of harmony with the moral law. Culture, shaped by just laws, is the mirror of politics – Civil Rights groups and lawmakers are affecting the culture of a country as well as politics. Laws, culture, and politics are closely intertwined and, when combined, give us a worldview, a lens through which we see the society, the individual, the interactions between the two and the moral content.
  3. I believe that New York State Clean Indoor Air Act could be seen as a just law – it prohibited smoking and vaping in most public areas thereby protecting the health and well-being of non-smokers and giving smokers an opportunity to see their habit as harmful. On the other side of moral life is the recently passed voting law in the state of Georgia – the law was passed by Republicans in response to Democratic Party victories in presidential and Senate elections. By imposing strict and, sometimes, absurd restrictions and regulations on the voting process, the Republicans are aiming at getting their power and influence back while ignoring that their actions are morally wrong and instill a feeling of inferiority in those, who dared to vote Democratic in a Republican state. 

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