1. In the federal system, citizens vote for representatives; each citizen of individual districts has a lot of power over that district. In a Confederation system, all political power rests with the individual states and very little with the central/national government. Furthermore, citizens will have more power because this system relies on its local governments. Finally, In a unitary government, political power rests with one central/national government. Which allows citizens’ democratic decisions to have a greater impact.
  1. In the United States, the federal system of government divides powers and responsibilities between the national and state governments. The political authority of the state is divided into legislative, executive, and judicial powers. These are branches that divide powers and each has independent powers and responsibilities which make it possible to avoid having conflicts between each branch. The 3 branches prevent concentration of power and are there to keep checks and balances so no one branch becomes too powerful.

3.Federal governments play a big role in shaping the actions of state and local governments. Even though the states have a say in a large variety of laws and rules the federal government shapes how the nation is governed. The federal government can influence the states through the distribution of grants, incentives, and aid. The federal government has made legislation to stimulate the economy and further the progress of robust public health response. It has also put policies into effect through agency regulations and temporary rules to utilize the funding provided by Congress. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Local governments have also responded within the structure of power that is delegated to them by their state governments. The local governments focused their emergency powers on policies to protect their citizens and support their municipal economies.

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