1. The establishment clause limits official endorsement of religion, and it not only forbids the creation of a “Church of the United States” or “Church of Ohio” it also forbids the government from favoring one set of religious beliefs over others or favoring religion over non-religion. Therefore, It prevents the passage of any law that gives preference to or forces belief in any one religion. The lemon test was established to decide whether a law or other government action that might promote a particular religious practice should be allowed to stand. 
  1. The First Amendment protects the flag from being damaged and treated with disrespect. “Burning the flag was a form of symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment and found the law, as applied to flag desecration, to be unconstitutional.” The Court Case “Texas v. Johnson” The U.S. Supreme Court agreed that symbolic speech no matter how offensive to some is protected under the First Amendment.
  1. The phrase “I’m taking the Fifth”  refers to a witness’s refusal to testify on the ground that the testimony might incriminate the witness in a crime. The 5th Amendment protects individuals from being forced to testify against themselves.

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