Unit 3 Course Materials

Welcome to Unit 3: Economic Environment! In this unit, we will explore the fundamentals of economics and how organizations balance resources and scarcity. Economics is the study of choice given scarcity. We’ll also learn about opportunity cost and how that factors into decision making.

By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

  • Explain what economics is and why it’s important
  • Describe the difference between major different economic systems
  • Explain the law of demand
  • Explain the law of supply
  • Explain market equilibrium, surplus, and shortage
  • Describe how economists evaluate the health of an economy
  • Identify and explain the four stages of an economy (expansion, peak, contraction, and trough), and describe their impact on business operations

In order to successfully complete this unit, you’ll need to do the following:

1. Read this Open Educational Resource (free to access): Module 2: Economic Environment¹

2. Watch this Crash Course in Economics video on YouTube (embedded below)2


As always, if you need more information, you can ask me a question. For information on due dates, check our Course Schedule.


1Why It Matters: Role of Business. Authored by: Linda Williams and Lumen Learning. LicenseCC BY: Attribution

2Crash Course on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ez10ADR_gM

3CC LICENSED CONTENT, ORIGINALPowerPoints. Provided by: Lumen Learning. LicenseCC BY: Attribution