The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
- Read the National Constitution Center on the Fourth Amendment.
- Watch the Kahn Academy video on the Fourth Amendment.
- Watch “Shifting Scales”, a non-partisan research project conducted by Oyez that discusses how the Roberts Court has been interpreting the fourth amendment.
General Principles of the Exclusionary Rule
- Weeks v. US 232 US 383 (1914)
- Wolf v. Colorado 338 US 25 (1949)
- Mapp v. Ohio 367 US 643 (1961)
- Schmerber v. California 384 US 757 (1966)
- Illinois v. Gates 462 US 213 (1983) Overturns Aguilar-Spinelli in favor of ‘totality of circumstances” test.