E-Magazine: Afro-peruvian Heritage and Contributions in Peru’s culture

This e-magazine is used to achieve an understanding of Afro-Peruvian heritage and legacy in Peru’s culture. This e-magazine displays information gathered from different sources, such as the BMCC database and other libraries. The information was studied and analyzed in order to provide brief and concise knowledge about how Africans assimilated the catholic religion belonging to the new country, the role of Afro-Peruvian women in Cofradias, Afro-Peruvian contributions to Peru’s catholic religion, and their cultural influence in Peru’s society.


  • Riley Remy
  • Gabriela Guayara
  • Daneisha Ramsay


  • Peru
  • Afro-Peruvian
  • Cofradias

Sources about Religion:

Bowser, Frederick P. The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650. Stanford University Press, 1974.

Henry Louis Gates. “Peru: The Blood of the Incas, the Blood of the Mandingas.” Black in Latin America, NYU Press, 2011, p. 91–.

Graubart, Karen B. “‘So Color de Una Cofradía’: Catholic Confraternities and the Development of Afro-Peruvian Ethnicities in Early Colonial Peru.” Slavery & Abolition, vol. 33, no. 1, 2012, pp. 43–64, https://doi.org/10.1080/0144039X.2011.606620.

SANCHEZ, Roberto. “The Black Virgin: Santa Efigenia, Popular Religion, and the African Diaspora in Peru.” Church History, vol. 81, no. 3, 2012, pp. 631–55, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0009640712001291.

Castañeda García, Rafael. “Piedad y Participación Femenina En La Cofradía De Negros y Mulatos …” Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos. Nouveaux Mondes Mondes Nouveaux – Novo Mundo Mundos Novos – New World New Worlds, EHESS, 5 Dec. 2012, https://journals.openedition.org/nuevomundo/64478?lang=en.

Sources about Music & the Arts:

Banning, Eyre. “Eva Allyon: Afro Peruvian Queen.” NPR, April 2009. 

Jones, Marcus D, Mónica Carrillo, and Victoria Santa Cruz Gamarra. “AN INTERVIEW WITH VICTORIA SANTA CRUZ.” Callaloo 34.2(2011): 304–308.

McFerren, Zachary. “Victoria Eugenia Santa Cruz Gamarra.” BlackPast, October 2020.

Ojeda, Martha. “INTRODUCTION TO NICOMEDES SANTA CRUZ.” Callaloo 34.2 (2011): 266–268.


Nicomedes Santa Cruz, “Ritmos Negros del Peru,” track 5 on Cumanana, Nicomedes Santa Cruz, 1964, Apple Music.