Course: SOC 100 (1902): The Individual, Culture and Society |Spring 2020 | Prof. Alapo

Homework 2/13

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      Summarize the contributions of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx to the field of sociology. Be sure to note any theoretical differences they may have had with one another.

      Émile Durkheim : Was educated in both France and Germany, he believed that behavior should be understood within a large social context and not with just one individual because there are different perspectives in religion and everyday life. When it came to religion he realized that like any form of activity or group behavior religion is the root. When it came to social life like work and day to day activities a lot of people had a task to do and it became something out of the ordinary and “Anomie” became the new “regular” which created chaos basic rebellion because there weren’t enough order or rules.

      Max Weber:Born in Germany, he believed people wanted to be seen or perceived as how they were acting, not necessarily that it was a good thing or a bad thing, but he let people show him there behavior and how they can or will act in a certain settings he’ll watch each specific action they make to determine his perspective of them.

      Karl Marx:Fled from his native town Germany to France which he struggled a lot with. He lived in extreme poverty and lost several of his children to malnutrition and disease, which lead him to a different way of thinking. He believed that the system had a way to keep the people who owned the business basically had more power than the people working. Age group, race ,gender and economy affect everyone’s daily life and he was the one who understood the way society really works.

      Differences:While Émile Durkheim and Max Weber both came from less of a struggle they all came to close realizations as Karl Marx. Although their topics were not similar they still also came to the idea that socialism isn’t really fair ,and it’s all rules, and how your perception of something is.




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