1) What theoretical perspective views society as having a system of interdependent inherently connected parts? Explain the response and compare and contrast your selection to the other perspectives. a) Sociobiology b) Functionalism c) Conflict theory d) Ethnocentrism.
The theoretical perspective that views society as having a system of interdependent inherently connected parts is known as functionalism. Developed from the writings of French sociologist Émile Durkheim. He believed that society is a bunch of connected structures that work together as whole to support each other.The main difference between functionalism and conflict theory is that functionalism states that each aspect of a society serves a function and are necessary for the survival of that society while the conflict theory states that a society is in perpetual class conflict due to the limitation and the unequal distribution of resources. It also clashes with ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism is the act of judging another culture and believing that the values and standards of one’s own culture are superior and a negative attitude toward other ethnic/cultural groups. Sociobiology is the study which is based on the assumption that social behavior has resulted from evolution and attempts to explain and examine social behavior within that context.
3. The Occupy Wall Street movement of 2011 grew to be an international movement. Supporters believe that the economic disparity between the highest economic class and the mid to lower economic classes is growing at an exponentially alarming rate. A sociologist who studies that movement by examining the interactions between members at Occupy camps would most likely use what theoretical approach? a) Symbolic interactionism b) Functionalism c) Conflict theory d) Ethnocentrism. Explain the response and compare and contrast your selection to the other perspectives.
This is an example of conflict theory. Suggested by Karl Marx this theory believes that instead of working together like functionalism, groups in society compete with each other. That society was divided between two classes who ideas clashed with one an others in pursuit of their own respective interests. He believed the Capitalist system was built to suppress lower class workers. This theory is more classed based, focused on the wealthy and poor where ethnocentrism focuses on race and ethnicity. Symbolic interactionism emphasizes linguistic or gestural communication and its subjective meaning within a culture.