1. Organic solidarity is most likely to exist in which of the following types of societies? a)Hunter-gatherer b) Industrial c) Agricultural d) Feudal
Answer: B) Industrial
Organic solidarity can only be found in a modern society that’s why it’s industrial. Organic solidarity is where a large population of people is composed together by the division of labor which causes people to be dependent on each other. The other choices shown above belong under mechanical solidarity and are found in a pre-modern society which are hunter-gatherers, feudal and agricultural society.
5. The Protestant work ethic is based on the concept of predestination, which states that ________.
a) performing good deeds in life is the only way to secure a spot in Heaven
b) salvation is only achievable through obedience to God.
c) no person can be saved before he or she accepts Jesus Christ as his or her savior
d) God has already chosen those who will be saved and those who will be damned
Answer: D) God has already chosen those who will be saved and those who will be damned
The doctrine of predestination is when God predetermines the paths to heaven or hell using the justification of the class system. The other choices shown above are indicating things you can do to receive salvation when there isn’t anything you can’t do in reality because God has already chosen who goes to heaven or hell.