1. As the author said, the wealthy white bourgeoisie has the right to vote to make the constitution. Anyone else, including the petty bourgeoisie, is deprived of the right to vote, who he called the disenfranchised. “In twelve of the thirteen states (Pennsylvania excepted), only property-owning White males could vote, probably not more than 10 percent of the total adult population. Excluded were all Native Americans (“Indians”), persons of African descent, women, indentured servants, and White males lacking sufficient property. Property qualifications for holding office were so steep as to exclude even most of the White males who could vote.”
  2. The class structure of early American society is much the same as it is today. Class mobility is still very low today. The sons of parliamentarians are more likely to become parliamentarians because they can get better education and more contacts. People say that education changes destiny. But a student who graduated from Eton College and a student in a community middle school often have very different futures. What’s more, there are still many Americans today who cannot receive higher education because they cannot afford tuition.
  3. The most fundamental thing about freedom in the United States is the freedom of capital, which is also the freedom pursued by the founding fathers of the United States, as can be seen from the composition of representatives at the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention that year. The founding fathers of the United States pursued a republic, not democracy, and even flogging democracy is a crime to destroy freedom, because they fear that the tyranny of the majority will infringe upon their private property.

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