1. P. Williams writes in her essay, that the war on terror is a new type of a war. What’s new about it, how is it different from traditional wars?

Williams claims that this is a new type of war because: “the fact that the war has been framed as one against “terror” – against unruly if deadly emotionalism – rather than as a war against specific bodies, specific land, specific resources.” (Williams). That is to say, the war has not a target enemy; thereafter, the enemy is everywhere and everyone. Williams is strongly concerned about the broad definition of the target that the U.S. has set. She emphasizes this fact when she states: “A war against terrorism is a war of the mind, so broadly defined that the enemy becomes anybody who makes us afraid. Indeed what is conspicuous about American public discourse right now is how hard it is to talk about facts rather than fear.” (Williams). To rephrase it, she is concerned that back in that time after the attacks of 9/11 people were acting with their emotions and not with their reason. That is how this war was new. It had not named enemy and it was based on fear. Providing the government with excuses to keep the war against “terrorism” going forever. Something that she was right, because as of June 2021 it is still common to keep on listening to this type of speech. 

2. In what ways does the “Roving Wiretaps” of the Patriot Act seem to violate the Bill of Rights? Which amendment(s) does it seem to violate and why?

The Roving Wiretaps violates the Bill of Rights in its Fourth and Fifth Amendment. It violates the Fourth because it allows the government to intrude in a person’s privacy without their knowledge. On the other hand, it violates a person’s right to be a witness against itself, as well as to have a “due process of law”. The biggest critic people give to “extended powers” stated in the Patriot’s Act is that many of these excessive measures void the possibility of an impartial judgement. They allow the government to prosecute civilians without any probable cause. 

3. What about “Sneek and Peek” Warrants?

It violates one of the freedoms stated in The Fourth Amendment. Actually, these extended powers provided to governmental intelligence organizations permit law enforcement officers to do unreasonable searches. It allows the government to intrude in people’s homes without their permission. Hence, jeopardizing people’s rights to be secure in their persons, houses, and against unreasonable searches. The most concerning thing about it is that it gives law enforcement officers the opportunity to root out crime. In other words, to manipulate scenes. In conclusion, it voids a person’s right for fair and transparent prosecution procedure.

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