1. Repressive State Apparatus is a force that is used to control citizens. Althusser calls it “repressive” because it mainly uses repression to control citizens. An example of Repressive State Apparatus is imprisonment, cops, court, and the military. 

2. Ideological State Apparatus is used to convey the values and beliefs of the state. It uses schools, media, and churches to do this.  

3. Repressive state apparatuses uses physical force to put fear into citizens and get them on the state’s side. Ideological state apparatuses uses schools, churches, and media to influence citizens without physical force. 

4. Example of ideological state apparatus

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