Course: SOC 100 (1902): The Individual, Culture and Society |Spring 2020 | Prof. Alapo

Homework 2/13

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      Jayson Tirado

      Summarize the contributions of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx to the field of sociology. Be sure to note any theoretical differences they may have had with one another.

      Émile Durkheim originated Structural Functionalism. He believed that society is a bunch of connected structures that work together as whole to support each other. That it is the institutions an individual belongs to (religion, family, schools etc.) that help influence ones choices in society and helps that society function. He believed every group in society as interdependent. In having a role and essential in serving a purpose in order for society to run smoothly.

      Karl Marx believed in what is known as Conflict Theory. He believes that the instead of working together the groups in society compete with each other. That society was divided between two classes who ideas clashed with one an others  in pursuit of their own respective interests. He believed the Capitalist system was built to suppress lower class workers.   He believed identifying within a certain group influences an individuals place in society.

      Max Weber believed in Symbolic Interactionism . He believed Sociology needed to focus on individual social situations and the meaning that they attach to them. His work explains social behavior in terms of the way people interact with each other through symbols such as gestures and languages and how it changes over time within our culture.

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