Course: SOC 100 (1708): Culture and Society | Spring 2020 | Prof. Alapo

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    • #2006

      Ansun Tran

      Emile Durkheim introduced Structural Functionalism which was the idea that society is an organism that had multiple parts that work together and stabilized each other. There are two functions, Manifest and latent functions. In structural functionalism, there is also social dysfunction which is one of structural functionalism’s flaws because it cannot adapt to changes due to all the parts working together to keep society stable.
      Conflict theory, introduced by Karl Marx, differed from social functionalism. Class conflict studies the conflicts in society caused by social classes. Such as in capitalist societies, the business owners often tend to be in a different social class than their workers. They live more comfortable lives compared to their workers who sell their labor just to survive. In conflict theory, other conflicts exist such as race-conflict theory, and gender-conflict theory which focus on either race or gender and their conflicts and impact in society.
      Symbolic interactionism introduced by Max Weber. It is more micro focused and believed that society is the product of everyday social interactions. Symbolic interactionism also focuses on interactions such as handshakes, domestic pets, and other societal norms and how it makes up a society. These are typically micro focused and understand that humans assign meaning to interactions and things which make up society.
      There are many differences between these concepts that were introduced. The main differences are that each is structured differently. Structural functionalism says that society works together in parts and those parts keep society functioning. Conflict theory looks at conflicts and their IMPACTS instead of how it works with other parts with society. Symbolic interactionism does not look at impacts or parts working together rather focus on how society interactions are and how it works. The three concepts look at different parts in society and yet are still correlated with each other.

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