Course: SOC 100 (1708): Culture and Society | Spring 2020 | Prof. Alapo

02/13 Assignment

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      Hector Viveros

      Hector Viveros

      Professor Oluremi Alapo

      SOC 100

      Week 3 Discussion 2

      Summarize the contributions of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx to the field of sociology. Be sure to note any theoretical differences they may have had with one another.

      Émile Durkheim: Structural Functionalism

      Émile Durkheim, a French sociologist regarded as a pioneer, was famous for his views on the structure of society. He was interested in researching how a society was created, and what holds a society together. Durkheim saw social institutions as social facts. Society is held together by shared values, symbols, and languages, where individuals work and function together to maintain stability. He viewed society as an organism, made up of different parts that all had to function well and smoothly together, in order for that organism to be healthy and survive.

      Max Weber: Symbolic Theory

      Max Weber was a German philosopher and sociologist, who explored the relationship between economy and the workers within that system. His theories are used to study society through economic systems, and his sociology looks at the ways economics define social roles and expectations. Weber suggested that human society progression is a result of a struggle between two distinct social classes. The Proletariat (the lower class and workers) did all labor within society, while the bourgeoisie (the upper class and rulers) got all the profit. This became known as Marxism, where capitalist societies were built on conflict between the workers and their rulers, in order to keep the wealthy in power.

      Karl Marx: Conflict Theory

      Karl Marx was a German sociologist, economist, and philosopher famous for his theories about capitalism and communism. He claimed society was in a state of perpetual conflict, where individuals divided by social class competed for social, material, and political resources. Upper class capitalists would exploit and suppress lower class workers, and whichever economic class an individual fell in, impacted their role in society. He argued that social institutions such as government, religion, and education helped maintain the unequal social structure.

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