Correctional History

Reimagining Prison | Vera Institute of Justice

The History of Prisons |In M. Bosworth (Ed.) (2005) Encyclopedia of Prisons and Correctional Facilities (Vol. 1, p. [iii]). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference.

Historical Origin of the Prison System in America| H.E. Barnes (1922), J. Am. Inst. Crim. L. & Criminology, 12(1), 35-60.

The History of Corrections in the U.S. | NIC

Auburn State Prison | Encyclopedia Britannica

Pennsylvania System | Encyclopedia Britannica

A Historical Overview of Inmate Labor in Pennsylvania | Pennsylvania Department of Corrections

The Caging of America:  Why do we lock up so many people? | The New Yorker

The Transformation of America’s Penal Order| Campbell & Schoenfeld (2013) American Journal of Sociology, 118(5), 1375-1423.

The Origins of Prison Slavery | Slate

Convict Leasing | 64 Parishes

Slavery By Another Name | PBS

Selected Readings

1.5 The Purposes of Punishment

Why Do We Have Prisons in the United States?

History_of_Prisons (1)